Un dels temes pel qual se’m pregunta més sovint és, sens dubte, el dels ninja, aquests misteriosos assassins i espies que suposadament els daimyō del període Sengoku enviaven per infiltrar-se entre les files enemigues i aconseguir informació, o per assaltar el castell d’un senyor rival en meitat de la nit i, camuflats en les ombres, acabar amb ell sense que ningú s’adonés. Doncs bé, ha arribat el moment de parlar del tema.

Els ninja no van existir, són una creació de les novel·les d’aventures i samurais del període Edo.


Bibliografia

  • Andressen, Curtis. A Short History of Japan, from Samurai to Sony. Canberra: Silkworm Books, 2002.
  • Araki Eiji. 肥後国衆一揆―肥後戦国武将たちの最後の戦い. Kumamoto: Kumamoto Shuppan Bunka Kaikan, 1987.
  • Asawaka Kan’ichi. The Documents of Iriki: Illustrative of the Development of the Feudal Institutions of Japan. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1929.
  • Bary, Theodore de, ed. Sources of Japanese Tradition, vol. 1. Nova York: Columbia University Press, 1964.
  • ———, ed. Sources of Japanese Tradition, vol. 2. Nova York: Columbia University Press, 1964.
  • Berry, Mary Elizabeth. Hideyoshi. Cambridge (Estats Units): Harvard University Press, 1982.
  • Boscaro, Andrea, ed. 101 Letters of Hideyoshi. The Private Correspondence of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Tòquio: Sophia University, 1975.
  • Boxer, C.R. «Asian Potentates and European Artillery in the 16th-18th Centuries: a Footnote to Gibson-Hill». Journal of the Malaysian Branch of The Royal Asiatic Society 38, n.º 2 (1965): 156-172.
  • Brown, Delmer M. «The Impact of Firearms on Japanese Warfare, 1543-98». The Far Eastern Quarterly 7, n.º 3 (1948): 236-253.
  • Charlevoix, Pierre de. Histoire et Description du Japon. París: Bibliothèque de la Jeunesse Chrétienne, 1842.
  • Cooper, Michael, ed. This Island of Japon. João Rodrigues’ Account of 16th-Century Japan. Tòquio: Kodansha International, 1973.
  • Cullen, L.M. A History of Japan, 1582-1941. Internal and External Worlds. Cambridge (Regne Unit): Cambridge University Press, 2003.
  • Danford, Richard K., Robin D. Gill, i Daniel T. Reff, eds. The First European Description of Japan, 1585. A critical English-language Edition of «Striking Contrasts in the Customs of Europe and Japan» by Luis Frois, S.J. Oxon (Regne Unit): Routledge, 2014.
  • Deal, William E. Handbook to Life in Medieval & Early Modern Japan. Nova York: Facts on File Inc., 2006.
  • Dening, Walter. The Life of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Tòquio: The Hokuseido Press, 1955.
  • Eisenstadt, S. N. Japanese Civilization. A Comparative View. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1996.
  • Elison, George, i Bardwell L. Smith, eds. Warlords, Artists, and Commoners. Japan in the Sixteenth Century. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1981.
  • Farris, William W. Japan to 1600. A Social and Economic History. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2009.
  • Ferejohn, John A., i Frances McCall Rosenbluth, eds. War and State Building in Medieval Japan. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2010.
  • Friday, Karl F. Samurai, Warfare and the State in Early Medieval Japan. Nova York: Routledge, 2004.
  • Fróis, Luís. Historia de Japam, vol.1. Lisboa: Biblioteca Nacional, 1976.
  • ———. Historia de Japam, vol.2. Lisboa: Biblioteca Nacional, 1981.
  • ———. Historia de Japam, vol.3. Lisboa: Biblioteca Nacional, 1982.
  • ———. Historia de Japam, vol.4. Lisboa: Biblioteca Nacional, 1983.
  • ———. Historia de Japam, vol.5. Lisboa: Biblioteca Nacional, 1984.
  • ———. Tratado sobre las contradicciones y diferencias de costumbres entre los europeos y japoneses (1585). Editat per Ricardo de la Fuente. Salamanca: Universidad de Salamanca, 2003.
  • Fujiki Hisashi. 刀狩り―武器を封印した民衆. Tòquio: Iwanami Shoten, 2005.
  • Fujita Kazutoshi.〈甲賀忍者〉の実像. Tòquio: Yoshikawa Kōbunkan, 2012.
  • Genjō Masayoshi, ed. 戦国史. Tòquio: Natsumesha, 2005.
  • Gomi Fumihiko, i Toriumi Yasushi, eds. もういちど読む山川日本史. Tòquio: Yamakawa Shuppansha, 2011.
  • Griffis, William Elliot. The Mikado’s Empire. Nova York: Harper & Brothers, 1890.
  • Hall, John Whitney. El imperio japonés. Madrid: Siglo XXI Editores, 1973.
  • ———. Japan. From Prehistory to Modern Times. Nova York: Dell Publishing Co., 1970.
  • ———, ed. The Cambridge History of Japan, vol. 4, Early Modern Japan. Cambridge (Regne Unit): Cambridge University Press, 1991.
  • Hall, John Whitney, Keiji Nagahara, i Kozo Yamamura, eds. Japan Before Tokugawa. Political Consolidation and Economic Growth, 1500 to 1650. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981.
  • Hane Mikiso. Breve Historia de Japón. Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 2000.
  • Hayashi Senkichi. 島原半島史. Nagasaki: Minami Takaki-gun Board of Education, 1954.
  • Henshall, Kenneth G. A History of Japan: from Stone Age to Superpower. Nova York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999.
  • Hobsbawm, Eric i Terence Ranger, eds. The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge (Estats Units): Cambridge University Press,1983.
  • Imamura Yoshitaka, ed. 奥羽永慶軍記. Akita-Shi (Japó): Mumyōsha Shuppan, 2016.
  • Junqueras, Oriol, Dani Madrid, Guillermo Martínez, i Pau Pitarch. Historia de Japón. Economía, política y sociedad. Barcelona: Editorial UOC, 2012.
  • Kondo, Agustín Y. Japón. Evolución histórica de un pueblo (hasta 1650). Hondarribia: Editorial Nerea, 1999.
  • Lamers, Jeroen P. Japonius Tyrannus. The Japanese warlord Oda Nobunaga reconsidered. Leiden: Hotei Publishing, 2000.
  • Lidin, Olof G. Tanegashima, the Arrival of Europe in Japan. Copenhague: Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, 2002.
  • López-Vera, Jonathan. Historia de los samuráis. Xixó: Satori Ediciones, 2016.
  • Lu, David John. Sources of Japanese History. Volume One. Nova York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1974.
  • ———. Sources of Japanese History. Volume Two. Nova York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1974.
  • McCullough, Helen Craig. The Taiheiki: A Chronicle of Medieval Japan. Nova York: Columbia University Press, 1959.
  • Morillo, Stephen. «Guns and Government: A Comparative Study of Europe and Japan». Journal of World History 6, n.º 1 (1995): 75-106.
  • Morton, W. Scott, i J. Kenneth Olenik. Japan. Its History and Culture. Nova York: McGraw-Hill Inc., 2005.
  • Murdoch, James. A History of Japan I. From the Origins to the Arrival of the Portuguese in 1542 A.D. Londres: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., 1925.
  • ———. A History of Japan II. During the Century or Early Foreign Intercourse (1542-1651). Kobe: The Chronicle, 1903.
  • Nanpo Bunshi. 鉄砲記. Tòquio: Koten Kyōyō Bunko, 2013.
  • Naramoto Tatsuya. 戦国って何だろう. Tòquio: PHP Kenkyūjo, 1991.
  • Ōta Gyūichi. The Chronicle of Lord Nobunaga. Editat per Jurgis Elisonas i Jeroen P. Lamers. Leiden: Brill, 2011.
  • Ōyama Ryūtane. 秀吉と肥後国衆一揆. Fukuoka: Kaichosha, 2003.
  • Sadler, Arthur L. Shogun. La vida de Tokugawa Ieyasu. Xixó: Satori Ediciones, 2016.
  • Sansom, George. A History of Japan, 1334-1615. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1961.
  • Shimizu Noboru. 戦国忍者は歴史をどう動かしたのか. Tòquio: Best Shinsho, 2009.
  • Spackman, Chris. An Encyclopedia of Japanese History. Charlestone (Estats Units): Bibliolife, 2004.
  • Sugawara Makoto. Lives of Master Swordsmen. Tòquio: The East Publications, 1985.
  • Sugiyama Hiroshi. 日本の歴史〈11〉戦国大名. Tòquio: Chūō Kōronsha, 1974.
  • Taniguchi, Katsuhiro. 織田信長合戦全録 ー桶狭間から本能寺までー. Tòquio: Chūkō Shinsho, 2002.
  • Totman, Conrad D. Japan Before Perry. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981.
  • ———. Tokugawa Ieyasu: Shogun. San Francisco: Heian International Inc., 1983.
  • Tsutsui, Wiliam M., ed. A Companion to Japanese History. Malden (Estats Units): Blackwell Publishing, 2007.
  • Turnbull, Stephen. Ninja: The True Story of Japan’s Secret Warrior Cult. Londres: Firebird Books, 1991.
  • Urban, William. Medieval Mercenaries: The Business of War. Londres: Greenhill Books, 2006.
  • Valignano, Alessandro. Sumario de las cosas de Japón. Editat per José Luis Álvarez-Taladriz. Tòquio: Sophia University, 1954.
  • Varley, H. Paul. Japanese Culture. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2000.
  • Yamaguchi Masayuki. 忍者の生活. Tòquio: Yūzankaku, 1969.
  • Yamamura Kozo, ed. The Cambridge History of Japan, vol. 3, Medieval Japan. Cambridge (Regne Unit): Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  • Yokoyama Takaji. 信長と伊勢・伊賀―三重戦国物語. Tòquio: Sōgensha, 1992.
  • ———. 伊賀天正の乱. Tòquio: Shinpu Shobō, 2006.


q

 

Si utilitzes aquest article, cita la font. Et proposo aquesta citació:
López-Vera, Jonathan. “La veritable història dels ninja” a HistoriaJaponesa.com, 2017.